Penetration testing is the simulation of cyber attacks on a computer system, network, or Web application to test its defenses and identify vulnerabilities. A pentest is a crucial part of companies’ cybersecurity strategy because it helps identify and fix flaws before they can be exploited by malicious hackers.
In this blog post, we explore some realistic pentesting scenarios and discuss what you need to know to be prepared.
External network pentesting
In this scenario, the pentester simulates an attack from the Internet, trying to gain access to the company’s external network. This type of pentest is important for testing corporate perimeter defenses, including firewalls, intrusion prevention systems (IPS), and other network security controls.
Internal network pentesting
Internal network penetration testing simulates an attack from within the corporate network, usually by a disgruntled employee or an outsider who has gained access to the network. This type of pentest is important for identifying security vulnerabilities in the internal network, such as misconfigured servers or weak passwords.
Web application penetration testing
Web application penetration testing involves testing the security of a Web application, such as a company’s Web site or an online application. This type of pentest is important for identifying vulnerabilities such as SQL injection attacks, cross-site scripting (XSS), and cross-site request forgery (CSRF).
Mobile application pen-testing
Mobile application penetration testing involves testing the security of a mobile application, such as a smartphone app. This type of pentest is important for identifying vulnerabilities such as insecure data storage, weak authentication mechanisms and lack of transport layer security (TLS).
Physical penetration testing
Physical penetration testing involves simulating physical attacks on a facility, such as intrusions or social engineering attacks. This type of pentesting is important for identifying security flaws in the organization’s physical security measures, such as locked doors, security cameras, and passkey access systems.
Overall, it is important for companies to conduct regular penetration testing to identify and fix security vulnerabilities in their systems and networks. By staying one step ahead of potential attackers, companies can protect themselves and their customers from cyber-attacks.
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